Dehydrated Culture Media

Dehydrated Culture Media products are formulated to supply the required nutrients to allow for the growth of microorganisms. Used in combination with a variety of selective agents and incubation conditions a wide range of specific organisms can be isolated. With careful raw material selection of the various media components E&O can ensure a consistent level of quality and performance. For each formulation the necessary ingredients are accurately weighed, combined and blended together to produce a homogenous powdered product.

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  • Brilliant green agar is for the selective isolation of Salmonella spp., other than S. typhi. Brilliant green agar was first cited by Kristensen et al. in 1925 but was subsequently modified by the Netherlands Institute for Public Health. Brilliant green agar is generally used in conjunction with XLD agar (KM0013) as a secondary plating medium for subculture from selective enrichment media in food and environmental testing. It should be noted that the medium is highly selective and therefore not suited to the isolation of Salmonella spp. from samples where the numbers may be low. Beef extract, peptone and yeast extract provide the required carbon, nitrogen and vitamins. Di-sodium hydrogen phosphate and sodium di-hydrogen phosphate are buffering agents. Lactose and sucrose are fermentable carbohydrates. Phenol red is a pH indicator and turns the medium yellow during lactose and/or sucrose fermentation. Brilliant green inhibits Gram-positive bacteria and Gram-negative bacilli other than Salmonella spp. NB: It is not recommended that this medium be used for the isolation of Salmonella typhi or Shigella spp. Related Supplements : LS0024 Novobiocin Supplement (20mgs/L)
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  • A general-purpose medium for the cultivation of organisms that are less fastidious in their nutritional requirements. The beef extract, peptone and yeast extract act as carbon, nitrogen and vitamin sources in this medium. Sodium chloride maintains osmotic balance.  
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  • Sabouraud liquid medium USP is used in sterility testing for the detection of moulds, yeasts and acidophilic microorganisms in pharmaceutical products. This medium is also used for non-sterile testing and for the determination of fungistatic activity. Sabouraud liquid medium USP conforms to the USP and Harmonised Pharmacopeia. The peptic digest of animal tissue and pancreatic digest of casein provides the required nitrogen, carbon and vitamins. The high concentration of dextrose is included as an energy source and in tandem with the acidic pH (5.6) facilitates the growth of fungi whilst providing limited selective properties.
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  • Lowenstein-Jensen medium is based on the original formulation of Lowenstein that was subsequently modified by Jensen. It is used with fresh egg and glycerol for the isolation and presumptive identification of Mycobacterium spp., particularly Mycobacterium tuberculosis, from clinical samples. L-Asparagine and Potato starch are sources of nitrogen and vitamins in the medium. Potassium hydrogen phosphate and magnesium sulphate enhance organism growth and act as buffers. Sodium citrate and malachite green are selective agents that have inhibitory effects on organisms other than the mycobacteria. Malachite green is also incorporated into the medium to provide a colour contrast between the colonies and the medium. The required addition of egg emulsion provides the fatty acids and protein required for the metabolism of mycobacteria. Glycerol is also added which is said to enhance the growth of Mycobacterium tuberculosis however other strains of mycobacteria, particularly Mycobacterium bovis, may be inhibited by its presence. Subsequently, sodium pyruvate (12.5 g/600ml) may be used as an alternative to glycerol to encourage the growth of Mycobacterium bovis.  
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  • Bacillus cereus agar (PEMBA) is used for the selective isolation and enumeration of Bacillus cereus in food samples. It is said to be particularly suitable for the detection of small numbers of Bacilluscereus particularly in the presence of other contaminating organisms. Bacillus cereus agar (PEMBA) is based on the formulation developed by Holbrook and Anderson. The peptone provides the required carbon, nitrogen and vitamins. Mannitol is a fermentable carbohydrate. Bromothymol blue is a pH indicator used to detect mannitol fermentation. Sodium chloride maintains the osmotic balance. Magnesium sulphate provides divalent cations and sulphate. Di-sodium hydrogen phosphate and potassium dihydrogen phosphate are buffering agents. Egg yolk emulsion (BM0140) must be added to this media to assess lecithinase production. Sodium pyruvate is present to improve egg yolk precipitation and enhance B. cereus sporulation. The medium is made selective by the inclusion of polymyxin B sulphate (LS1051).
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  • This medium can be used as a screening method for the differentiation of enterobacteriaceae based on the ability of some species to utilise citrate as a sole source of carbon. It is often used as a screening test for Klebsiella pneumoniae (positive reaction) while Escherichia coli is negative. Species that metabolize citrate as their sole source of carbon and ammonium as the sole source of nitrogen cause an increase in alkalinity of the medium resulting in a colour change from green to blue due to the presence of the pH indicator bromthymole blue.
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  • Legionella agar was designed for the isolation of Legionella spp. and is used primarily in water and environmental laboratories. Since Legionella spp. are fastidious organisms, the medium contains yeast extract as a source of nitrogen, carbon and vitamins. Charcoal is also included to neutralise growth-inhibiting substances and agar is the solidifying agent. The medium requires supplementation with ferric pyrophosphate as a source of iron, L-cysteine, an essential amino acid for the growth of Legionella spp. and α-ketoglutaric acid, which acts as a growth stimulant. ACES buffer/potassium hydroxide is also added to maintain the optimal pH of 6.9 for growth of Legionella spp. Omission of the L-cysteine produces a confirmation medium that can be used to test presumptive Legionella spp. as isolates will not be able to grow. Selective versions of the medium can also be created by the addition of various selective agents. GVPC is the most popular for water testing and BMPA for clinical testing. Related Supplements : LS7044 Legionella BCYE Supplement, LS7045 BCYE without Cysteine
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  • This medium is used for the cultivation and enumeration of Lactobacillus spp. MRS agar is based on the formulation by de Man, Rogosa and Sharpe. The peptone, yeast extract and beef extract provides the reuired carbon, nitrogen and vitamin source. Glucose is a fermentable carbohydrate. The magnesium sulphate and manganese sulphate act as growth stimulants. Potassium phosphate is a buffering agent. Selectivity of the medium is achieved through the use of ammonium citrate and sodium acetate, inhibiting microorganisms such as streptococci and moulds. The addition of the surfactant Tween 80 is required to facilitate the uptake of nutrients from Lactobacillus spp.  
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  • Lactalbumin hydrolysate is obtained through enzymatic hydrolysis of lactalbumin protein in milk whey. This product is rich in essential amino acids as well as providing a source of nitrogen, carbon and vitamins. It is commonly utilized in media for tissue culture and for the production of vaccines as well as being useful for bacterial and fermentation media.  
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  • Formulated to ISO 6579, Buffered Peptone Water (BPW) is a pre-enrichment medium designed to help sub-lethally damaged Salmonella spp. recover before introducing them into a selective enrichment medium. Enzymatic digest of casein is the source of the required nitrogen, carbon and vitamins. Sodium chloride maintains the osmotic balance in the medium. Di-sodium hydrogen phosphate and potassium di-hydrogen phosphate act as buffers in the medium. This nutritious medium is free from inhibitors and is well buffered to maintain pH 7.0 for the incubation period. Sub-lethal injury to Salmonella spp. occurs in many food processes and this pre-enrichment step greatly increases the chance of their recovery, especially if a low number of cells are present in a sample.  
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  • Palcam agar is a selective differential medium for the isolation of Listeria monocytogenes from food, clinical and environmental specimens. The Columbia peptone mix and starch provide the required carbon, nitrogen and vitamins. Glucose is a fermentable carbohydrate. Differentiation of Listeria spp. from enterococci and staphylococci occurs through aesculin hydrolysis and mannitol fermentation. Listeria monocytogenes will hydrolyse aesculin and the associated reaction with the ferric ammonium citrate gives rise to a brown/black precipitate around the colonies. Listeria spp. do not however ferment mannitol. Mannitol fermentation is seen through a colour change of the colony or the area around the colony from red to yellow due to the production of acidic end products. Phenol red is the pH indicator in the medium. Lithium chloride is included to inhibit enterococci. The associated Palcam selective supplement, LS0038, contains polymyxin B, acriflavine and ceftazidime to inhibit other Gram-positive and Gram-negative organisms that may be present in specimens. Related Supplements : LS0038 PALCAM Selective Supplement
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  • This is a selective medium for the isolation of Salmonella spp. and Shigella spp. from clinical specimens and environmental samples. This formulation was developed by Hynes through a modification of Leifson’s DCA medium. The peptone provides the required carbon, nitrogen and vitamins. Lactose is a fermentable carbohydrate and neutral red is a pH indicator. Sodium thiosulphate and ferric citrate are used to detect hydrogen sulphide production indicated by the black centred colonies of hydrogen sulphite positive organisms. Sodium desoxycholate and sodium citrate inhibit most Gram-positive organisms.
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  • Columbia agar is a general-purpose, non-selective medium capable of supporting the growth of most micro-organisms based on the original Columbia agar formulation described by Ellner et al. from Columbia University. With further enrichment using blood, most fastidious organisms can be isolated and their β-haemolytic reactions can be determined in order to aid identification. The peptone is the source of the required nitrogen, carbon and vitamins. Starch increases growth of Neisseria spp., and enhances the haemolytic reactions of some streptococci. This medium is relatively free of reducing sugars, which have been reported to adversely influence the haemolytic reactions of β-haemolytic streptococci . Supplementation of the base medium with blood (5- 10%) will provide additional growth factors for fastidious microorganisms, and aids in determining haemolytic reactions. It should be noted that the haemolytic patterns of isolates may vary with the source of animal blood and the type of basal medium used. Related Supplements : Defibrinated Horse Blood, Defibrinated Sheep Blood, Horse Blood Lysed, LS0008 Staph/Strep Selective Supplement, LS0017 Neomycin Selective Supplement, LS0022 Clostridium difficle Selective SupplementLS0012 Bacitracin Selective Supplement, LS0011 Campylobacter Growth Supplement, LS0009 Campylobacter (Skirrow) Selective Supplement
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  • This is a selective enrichment broth for the isolation of Salmonella spp. primarily from food and food product samples and conforms to the requirements ISO 6579:2002. It can however be used in other areas including clinical and environmental specimens. Salmonella spp. reduce tetrathionate and will proliferate in the medium whilst most other enteric organisms are inhibited. Unlike the older traditional tetrathionate broth the addition of novobiocin (40 mg/l) improves the inhibition of Proteus spp. Immediately prior to use it is necessary to add 20 ml/l of 2% iodine/iodide solution (BM0946). Once the iodine/iodide solution has been added the medium should be used immediately and cannot be stored for future use. NB: As this is an opaque medium, the turbidity of the broth alone cannot be used as an indication of growth. Related Supplements : LS0024 Novobiocin Supplement (20mgs/L)
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  • Primary Membrane Lactose Glucuronide Agar (mLGA) is used for the differentiation and enumeration of Escherichia coli and other coliforms through a single membrane filtration technique. The peptone and yeast extract provide the required nitrogen, carbon and vitamins. Sodium pyruvate protects injured cells enhancing recovery and growth of coliforms. Sodium lauryl sulphate is a selective agent that inhibits Gram-positive organisms. Lactose is a fermentable carbohydrate and phenol red is a pH indicator. Lactose fermentation will result in yellow colonies. X-glucuronide is a chromogenic substrate which can be cleaved by the enzyme ß-glucuronidase present in E. coli. This results in a blue colony, but in combination with lactose fermentations colonies will appear green. NB: Prepared plates stored at 2–8°C may show formation of surface crystals which will disappear when plates are warmed to >20°C Related Supplements :
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  • Recent developments in culture media have given rise to the use of chromogenic substrates as a means of differentiating bacteria particularly among the coliform group of organisms. This is one such medium and has been developed as a selective medium for the isolation and enumeration of Escherichia coli without the need for membranes or pre-incubation. Based on the formulation of Tryptone Bile Agar it incorporates a chromogenic substrate, X-Glucuronide, to detect the ß-glucuronidase enzyme which is specific for the majority of E. coli strains. Approximately, 3-4% of E. coli are glucuronidase negative including E. coli O157.(1) The advantage of the chromogenic substrate is that the reaction is concentrated within the colony resulting in distinctive blue/green colonies of E. coli while the other coliforms produce cream colonies. The tryptone provides the required carbon, nitrogen and vitamins. Bile salts No.3 is a selective agent against Gram-positive bacteria. X-glucuronide is a chromogenic substrate. Agar is solidifying agent.
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  • GC Agar when used with blood and other enrichment is for the isolation of Neisseria gonorrhoeae but is also capable of supporting the growth of most fastidious micro-organisms. This medium is based on the modified formulation described by Thayer and Martin that was based on the original formulation stated by Johnson. Enrichment is usually attained using lysed blood but haemoglobin powder or chocolated blood are suitable alternatives. Additional enrichment can be provided by the addition of Suplex supplement (BM0478) which consists of yeast extract and glucose. Selective variants of GC Agar can be prepared through the addition of various selective supplements such as VCAT (LS0002) or LCAT (LS0001). These supplements will suppress most of the background flora likely to be present in specimen and will restrict the swarming of Proteus spp. The peptone is the source of the required nitrogen, carbon and vitamins. Sodium chloride maintains the osmotic balance in the medium. Starch is present to absorb toxic metabolites and phosphate buffers prevent pH changes during incubation. Related Supplements : BM0478 Suplex, LS0001 GC LCAT Selective Supplement, LS0002 GC VCAT Selective Supplement
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  • R2A agar is used for the enumeration and cultivation of bacteria from drinking water. R2A agar developed by Reasoner and Geldreich is a low nutrient medium that can used in pour plate, spread plate, and membrane filtration methods for heterotrophic plate counts. In combination with a lower incubation temperature and longer incubation period R2A agar stimulates the growth of stressed and chlorine-tolerant bacteria. Traditionally nutritionally rich media have been used for this purpose but these media support the growth of fast-growing bacteria and may suppress slow growing or stressed bacteria found in treated water. Enzymatic digest of casein, proteose peptone, acid hydrolysate of casein and yeast extract provide the required nitrogen, carbon and vitamins. Glucose is a fermentable carbohydrate. Dipotassium hydrogen phosphate is a buffering agent. Magnesium sulphate is a source of divalent cations and sulphate. Starch and sodium pyruvate aid in the recovery of stressed organisms.  
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  • Brain-heart infusion solids is a dehydrated infusion of porcine brains and heart. This product can be used in preparing microbiological culture media providing nitrogen, vitamins, minerals and amino acids.  
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  • Formulated to ISO 6887-1, Maximum Recovery Diluent (MRD) is a diluent designed to maintain organisms by protecting the cells from unnecessary physiological shock that may occur using other aqueous solutions. MRD is used extensively in food and environmental testing. The low level of peptone provides a protective effect but does not allow for multiplication during the short residence time in the diluent, 45 minutes. The sodium chloride prevents osmotic shock as the sample is initially diluted.  
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  • Peptone water is a general-purpose medium that supports thecultivation of non-fastidious organisms. This non-selective medium can be used a basal medium for biochemical tests such as carbohydrate fermentation and production of indole. Tryptone and peptone act as sources of carbon, nitrogen and vitamins in this medium and sodium chloride maintains osmotic balance.  
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  • Lactose broth is used for the performance and confirmation of the Presumptive Test for coliforms in water and dairy samples. This medium is also frequently used as a pre-enrichment medium when testing foods, water samples and dairy products for Salmonella spp. Beef extract and gelatin peptone provide the required carbon, nitrogen and vitamins in this medium. Lactose is a fermentable carbohydrate. Fermentation of lactose is detected by the production of gas
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  • Sabouraud Dextrose Agar is one of several media available for theisolation of yeasts and fungi suitable for use in all areas of mycology. Sabouraud Dextrose Agar is a modification of a medium originally described by Sabouraud. The tryptone and meat peptone provide the nitrogen and vitamins required for organism growth in Sabouraud Dextrose Agar. The high concentration of dextrose is included as an energy source and in tandem with the acidic pH (5.6) facilitates the growth of fungi whilst providing limited selective properties. Higher levels of selectivity can be achieved against bacterial species by the addition of chloramphenicol. NB: This is a basic medium only and contains no additional supplements. Related Supplements : LS0050 Chloramphenicol Selective Supplement
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  • Plate Count Agar is formulated to the A.P.H.A. specification developed by Buchbinder et al. This medium is intended for use in food, dairy and water bacteriology to perform Total Viable Counts. Tryptone and yeast extract provide the required carbon, nitrogen and vitamins. Glucose is a fermentable carbohydrate.