• Brain heart infusion agar is very nutritious general-purpose medium and is suitable for the isolation of most micro-organisms including many fastidious organisms. The formulation is a modification of that from Rosenow and Hayden.  The medium is not recommended for the determination of haemolytic reactions because of the glucose content. The nitrogen, vitamin and carbon sources are supplied by the Brain-Heart infusion solids and peptone. Glucose serves as the carbohydrate source and sodium chloride aids in maintaining the osmotic balance. A phosphate buffer, disodium hydrogen phosphate, is incorporated to help neutralize any acids produced as a result of glucose utilization and thus maintain viability of the organisms. NB: Organisms that produce large amounts of acid in the medium may overwhelm the buffering system and as a result may ‘auto-sterilize’ the culture.
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  • Campylobacter Blood-Free Selective Medium (CCDA) is one of several media formulations available for the selective isolation of Campylobacter spp., primarily C. jejuni and C. coli. CCDA was described by Bolton et al. and formulated to replace blood with a combination of charcoal, ferrous sulphate, and sodium pyruvate. CCDA is recommended for food testing. CCDA with the addition of yeast extract and cefoperazone is used in the isolation of Campylobacter spp. from foodstuffs and swabs in the FDA/BAM method. This product complies with the requirements of ISO 10272-1:2006. Bolton et al. recommended incubating inoculated plates at 37°C to improve isolation rates but incubation at 41.5°C is recommended for the isolation of the commonly encountered thermophilic species (C. jejuni and C. coli). The meat peptone, beef extract and tryptone provide the required nitrogen, carbon and vitamins. Bacteriological charcoal absorbs toxic compounds and metabolites. Ferrous sulphate and sodium pyruvate are oxygen scavengers. Sodium desoxycholate is a selective agent. Through the addition of campylobacter (Preston) supplement (LS0010), which consists of cefoperazone and amphotericin B, enteric flora is suppressed. Related Supplements : LS0010 Campylobacter (Preston) Selective Supplement
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  • A selective medium for the isolation and detection of dermatophytic fungi originally developed by Taplin et al. Dermatophytes appear as fluffy colonies with reddening of the medium while other fungi cause the medium to become yellow due to acid production. Yeasts will also grow on this medium but are readily distinguished by their distinct white/creamy colonies and distinctive smell. Soy peptone provides the required carbon, nitrogen and vitamins. Glucose is a fermentable carbohydrate. The inclusion of phenol red assists in the differentiation between saprophytic and environmental fungi. Although the low pH (pH 5.5) of the medium inhibits most bacteria chloramphenicol and cycloheximide are often added to further reduce the risk when processing material that may be more heavily contaminated. NB: Prolonged incubation should be avoided as this may cause fungi other than dermatophytes to turn the medium red. Related Supplements : LS0050 Chloramphenicol Selective Supplement
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  • Luria Bertani (LB) broth is used for the cultivation and maintenance of recombinant strains of Escherichia coli for molecular biology procedures. LB broth (Lennox) contains half of the amount of sodium chloride found in LB broth (Miller). Enzymatic digest of casein provides the required nitrogen and carbon. Vitamin B complex required by recombinant strains of Escherichia coli are supplied by yeast extract. Sodium chloride maintains the osmotic balance and provides sodium ions for membrane transport.
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  • This medium was first introduced by MacConkey in 1905 for the isolation and differentiation of lactose and non-lactose fermenting enteric bacteria containing swarming strains of Proteus spp. MacConkey agar without salt and crystal violet is a differential medium that restricts swarming of Proteus spp. as sodium chloride is omitted from the medium to provide an electrolyte deficient medium. The omission of crystal violet permits the growth of Staphylococcus spp. and Enterococcus spp. The peptone is the nitrogen, carbon and vitamin source in this medium. Lactose is the fermentable carbohydrate. Lactose fermentation causes a local pH drop around the colonies which will react with the pH indicator, neutral red, and hence aids in differentiation. Bile salts act as the selective agent. Related Supplements : LS0189 Cefotaxime Supplement (1mg/L)
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  • Burkholderia cepacia agar base is a selective medium for the detection and isolation of Burkholderia cepacia from cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. This is an important opportunistic pathogen in CF patients and can lead to fatal infection in approximately 20% individuals that have been colonised with B. cepacia complex organisms. This medium is based on the PC medium described by Gilligan et al. Magnesium sulphate, ammonium sulphate and ferrous ammonium sulphate supports the growth of B. cepacia. Potassium di-hydrogen phosphate and di-sodium hydrogen phosphate are buffering agents, used to maintain the pH the medium. The phenol red is used as a pH indicator. If the sodium pyruvate in the medium is metabolised by B. cepacia alkaline by-products are produced which raises the pH. This causes the colour of the medium to turn pink/red around sections of heavy growth on the medium. Bile salts and crystal violet are selective agents. The associated selective supplement for this medium, LS0125, contains ticarcillin and polymyxin B which further improves the selectivity, particularly with the inhibition of Pseudomonas spp. Related Supplements : LS0125 B.cepacia Selective Supplement, LS0026 Pseudomonas CFC Selective Supplement
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  • Beef extract is sourced from bovine tissue and supports the nutritive needs of microorganisms. Providing a mixture of amino acids, peptides, minerals and vitamins this product is recommended for use in microbiological culture media for the examination of water, milk and other materials.  
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  • Baird Parker agar is a selective medium for the isolation and presumptive identification of coagulase-positive staphylococci. This medium is used extensively for detecting Staphylococcus aureus in foods, dairy products, and other materials. Enzymatic digest of casein, meat extract and yeast extract provide the required carbon, nitrogen and vitamins. The medium is made selective by the inclusion of lithium chloride and the addition of potassium tellurite. Glycine and sodium pyruvate are included as growth enhancers while the pyruvate also acts as a neutraliser of toxic peroxides. Coagulase positive staphylococci are differentiated by the addition of egg yolk tellurite (BM0530) due to their ability to break down the egg yolk. Clear zones around colonies form due to the proteolytic action of lecithinase. A secondary opaque zone, surrounding presumptive positive colonies, may also form due to lipase activity. Potassium tellurite is reduced by staphylococci giving rise to blackening of colonies. NB: Any black colonies (with halo (typical) or without the halo (atypical)) on this medium must be confirmed as Staphylococcus aureus by further tests (e.g. coagulase test or latex agglutination etc.) Related Supplements : BM0530 Egg Yolk Tellurite
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