• Charcoal agar is used for the cultivation of fastidious organisms, particularly Bordetella pertussis. Charcoal agar is prepared according to the formulation developed by Mishulow, Sharpe and Cohen. This medium is an efficient substitute for Bordet-Gengou agar in the production of B. pertussis vaccines and can be used as a maintenance medium for stock cultures of Bordetella spp. Beef extract and peptone provide the required nitrogen, carbon and vitamins. Sodium chloride maintains the osmotic balance. Starch and charcoal help in absorbing toxic metabolites that are produced during growth of the organism. Nicotinic acid is an essential growth factor for the growth of Bordetella spp. The addition of cephalexin (LS0018) inhibits accompanying contamination in the samples. NB: This is a basic medium only and contains no additional supplement. If cephalexin is added, it should be noted, that although coliforms are inhibited by this medium, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and some fungi will grow. Related Supplements : LS0018 Bordetella Selective Supplement
    Details
  • Bacillus cereus agar (PEMBA) is used for the selective isolation and enumeration of Bacillus cereus in food samples. It is said to be particularly suitable for the detection of small numbers of Bacilluscereus particularly in the presence of other contaminating organisms. Bacillus cereus agar (PEMBA) is based on the formulation developed by Holbrook and Anderson. The peptone provides the required carbon, nitrogen and vitamins. Mannitol is a fermentable carbohydrate. Bromothymol blue is a pH indicator used to detect mannitol fermentation. Sodium chloride maintains the osmotic balance. Magnesium sulphate provides divalent cations and sulphate. Di-sodium hydrogen phosphate and potassium dihydrogen phosphate are buffering agents. Egg yolk emulsion (BM0140) must be added to this media to assess lecithinase production. Sodium pyruvate is present to improve egg yolk precipitation and enhance B. cereus sporulation. The medium is made selective by the inclusion of polymyxin B sulphate (LS1051).
    Details
  • Primary Membrane Lactose Glucuronide Agar (mLGA) is used for the differentiation and enumeration of Escherichia coli and other coliforms through a single membrane filtration technique. The peptone and yeast extract provide the required nitrogen, carbon and vitamins. Sodium pyruvate protects injured cells enhancing recovery and growth of coliforms. Sodium lauryl sulphate is a selective agent that inhibits Gram-positive organisms. Lactose is a fermentable carbohydrate and phenol red is a pH indicator. Lactose fermentation will result in yellow colonies. X-glucuronide is a chromogenic substrate which can be cleaved by the enzyme ß-glucuronidase present in E. coli. This results in a blue colony, but in combination with lactose fermentations colonies will appear green. NB: Prepared plates stored at 2–8°C may show formation of surface crystals which will disappear when plates are warmed to >20°C Related Supplements :
    Details
  • This medium is for the growth of fastidious anaerobes, particularly Bacteroides spp. Fastidious anaerobe broth is also suitable for anaerobic blood culture. The peptone and yeast extract provides the required carbon, nitrogen and vitamins. Haemin, vitamin k and L-cysteine HCl are growth factors required by some anaerobes. Sodium thioglycollate and L-cysteine HCl reduce the Eh of the medium and the agar helps maintain the Eh. Resazurin is a redox indicator and sodium chloride maintains the osmotic balance. NB: For best results it is recommended that the medium be heated in a boiling water bath, with the cap loosened, and then allowed to cool, with the cap tightened, immediately before use. The cap must be replaced on the container immediately after inoculation.  
    Details
  • Sheep Blood Agar Base has been developed to provide a nutrient rich medium compatible with sheep blood for the cultivation of many bacteria, especially fastidious Streptococcus spp., without affecting haemolytic reactions. Alternative culture mediums, such as Blood agar base No. 2, can results in mixed haemolytic reactions for some Streptococcus spp. This is thought to occur due to the trace amounts of fermentable carbohydrates in yeast extract and the physiological difference between sheep and horse blood. The tryptone, peptone, and yeast extract provide the required nitrogen, carbon and vitamins in the medium. Sodium chloride maintains the osmotic balance. Related Supplements : LS0008 Staph/Strep Selective Supplement
    Details
  • Bacteriological peptone is an economical source of nutrients provided by a balanced mixture of meat peptones and tryptone.The growth requirements of most non fastidious organisms will be fulfilled by the range of amino acids, peptides and proteoses in this mixture.  
    Details
  • Tryptone is obtained by pancreatic digestion of casein. Casein is the main protein of milk and is a rich source of amino acid and nitrogen. This product can be used in preparing microbiological culture media providing nitrogen, vitamins, minerals and amino acids. Due to the high tryptophan content in tryptone it can be used in detecting indole production.  
    Details
  • Yeast extract is obtained from selected autolyzed Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells. This product can be used in preparing microbiological culture media providing readily available soluble vitamins (notably B-complexes), amino acids, peptides, and other essential growth factors. Yeast extract is observed as an animal free source and is therefore used extensively in many non-animal cell culture formulations.  
    Details