• Eosin Methylene Blue agar (EMB) is a selective medium primarily for the isolation of coliforms from clinical, food and environmental samples. This is the modified formulation of EMB proposed by Levine with a higher concentration of lactose and the sucrose omitted. The peptone provides the required carbon, nitrogen and vitamins. Lactose is a fermentable carbohydrate and di-potassium phosphate is a buffer. Eosin Y and methylene blue are indicators. Methylene blue is also a selective agent. During strong acidic conditions, the dyes impart a metallic sheen to certain lactose fermenters, such as Escherichia coli.  
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  • Mannitol Salt Agar is selective medium for the isolation of┬ápathogenic staphylococci. The medium conforms to the requirements of the Harmonised USP/EP/JP. Chapman showed that adding a high level of sodium chloride to Phenol Red Mannitol Agar allowed for the recovery of pathogenic staphylococci. Pathogenic staphylococci produced yellow colonies whereas non-pathogenic staphylococci produced small red colonies. Pancreatic digest of casein, peptic digest of animal tissue and beef extract provide the required nitrogen, carbon and vitamins. The high level of sodium chloride inhibits most organisms other than staphylococci. Mannitol is a carbohydrate that is fermented by coagulase positive staphylococci. Phenol red is the pH indicator.
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  • Blood agar base No. 2 is a general-purpose medium enriched with various concentrations of horse or sheep blood and is suitable for the isolation of most organisms including many fastidious anaerobes of clinical significance. Haemolysis observations may vary with the type of blood being used. Previous studies have shown that sheep blood provides the most reliable colony and haemolysis characteristics. The peptone, yeast extract and liver digest act as nitrogen, carbon and vitamin sources in this medium. Sodium chloride maintains osmotic balance. Related Supplements : Defibrinated Sheep Blood, Defibrinated Horse Blood, LS0008 Staph/Strep Selective Supplement, LS0017 Neomycin Selective Supplement
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  • Baird Parker agar is a selective medium for the isolation and┬ápresumptive identification of coagulase-positive staphylococci. This medium is used extensively for detecting Staphylococcus aureus in foods, dairy products, and other materials. Enzymatic digest of casein, meat extract and yeast extract provide the required carbon, nitrogen and vitamins. The medium is made selective by the inclusion of lithium chloride and the addition of potassium tellurite. Glycine and sodium pyruvate are included as growth enhancers while the pyruvate also acts as a neutraliser of toxic peroxides. Coagulase positive staphylococci are differentiated by the addition of egg yolk tellurite (BM0530) due to their ability to break down the egg yolk. Clear zones around colonies form due to the proteolytic action of lecithinase. A secondary opaque zone, surrounding presumptive positive colonies, may also form due to lipase activity. Potassium tellurite is reduced by staphylococci giving rise to blackening of colonies. NB: Any black colonies (with halo (typical) or without the halo (atypical)) on this medium must be confirmed as Staphylococcus aureus by further tests (e.g. coagulase test or latex agglutination etc.) Related Supplements : BM0530 Egg Yolk Tellurite
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  • Brilliant green agar is for the selective isolation of Salmonella spp., other than S. typhi. Brilliant green agar was first cited by Kristensen et al. in 1925 but was subsequently modified by the Netherlands Institute for Public Health. Brilliant green agar is generally used in conjunction with XLD agar (KM0013) as a secondary plating medium for subculture from selective enrichment media in food and environmental testing. It should be noted that the medium is highly selective and therefore not suited to the isolation of Salmonella spp. from samples where the numbers may be low. Beef extract, peptone and yeast extract provide the required carbon, nitrogen and vitamins. Di-sodium hydrogen phosphate and sodium di-hydrogen phosphate are buffering agents. Lactose and sucrose are fermentable carbohydrates. Phenol red is a pH indicator and turns the medium yellow during lactose and/or sucrose fermentation. Brilliant green inhibits Gram-positive bacteria and Gram-negative bacilli other than Salmonella spp. NB: It is not recommended that this medium be used for the isolation of Salmonella typhi or Shigella spp. Related Supplements : LS0024 Novobiocin Supplement (20mgs/L)
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  • Formulated to ISO 6579, Buffered Peptone Water (BPW) is a pre-enrichment medium designed to help sub-lethally damaged Salmonella spp. recover before introducing them into a selective enrichment medium. Enzymatic digest of casein is the source of the required nitrogen, carbon and vitamins. Sodium chloride maintains the osmotic balance in the medium. Di-sodium hydrogen phosphate and potassium di-hydrogen phosphate act as buffers in the medium. This nutritious medium is free from inhibitors and is well buffered to maintain pH 7.0 for the incubation period. Sub-lethal injury to Salmonella spp. occurs in many food processes and this pre-enrichment step greatly increases the chance of their recovery, especially if a low number of cells are present in a sample.  
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  • Formulated to ISO 6887-1, Maximum Recovery Diluent (MRD) is a diluent designed to maintain organisms by protecting the cells from unnecessary physiological shock that may occur using other aqueous solutions. MRD is used extensively in food and environmental testing. The low level of peptone provides a protective effect but does not allow for multiplication during the short residence time in the diluent, 45 minutes. The sodium chloride prevents osmotic shock as the sample is initially diluted.  
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  • Nutrient Broth No.2 is used for the cultivation of fastidious pathogens and other microorganisms. This general use medium, rich in nutrients, allows the growth of bacteria when there is a low level of cells. The medium is particularly suitable as a secondary growth medium for staphylococci to be tested for coagulase production and also be used for sterility testing of aerobic organisms. Beef extract and peptone provide the required carbon, nitrogen and vitamins. Sodium chloride maintains osmotic balance.  
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