• This medium is for the growth of fastidious anaerobes, particularly Bacteroides spp. Fastidious anaerobe broth is also suitable for anaerobic blood culture. The peptone and yeast extract provides the required carbon, nitrogen and vitamins. Haemin, vitamin k and L-cysteine HCl are growth factors required by some anaerobes. Sodium thioglycollate and L-cysteine HCl reduce the Eh of the medium and the agar helps maintain the Eh. Resazurin is a redox indicator and sodium chloride maintains the osmotic balance. NB: For best results it is recommended that the medium be heated in a boiling water bath, with the cap loosened, and then allowed to cool, with the cap tightened, immediately before use. The cap must be replaced on the container immediately after inoculation.  
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  • Edwardsiella ictaluri medium is a selective medium for the isolation of Edwardsiella spp. based on the formulation by Shotts et al. (1) Edwardsiella spp. may be differentiated from other microorganisms on this medium due to its colony morphology. The peptones provide the required carbon, nitrogen and vitamins. Sodium chloride maintains the osmotic balance. Colistin and bile salts are selective agents to inhibit most Gram-negative and Gram- positive organisms. Mannitol is a fermentable carbohydrate and bromthymol blue is a pH indicator. Phenylalanine and ferric citrate are used to detect phenylalanine deaminase activity in Proteus spp. Agar is a solidifying agent. Shotts et al. (1) noted Proteus spp. swarming can overgrow on a mixed cultured sample. Therefore, a selective supplement (LS0021) may be added to the medium to restrict Proteus spp. swarming
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  • This is a selective medium for the isolation and enumeration of yeasts and moulds in dairy products. It is in according to a typical formulation of The International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO). Yeast extract acts as a source of nitrogen, carbon and vitamins in this medium. Glucose is a fermentable carbohydrate. Although the medium has a low pH it is made more selective by the inclusion of chloramphenicol, an antibiotic selective agent.  
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  • Bacillus cereus (MYP) agar is intended for the selective enumeration of Bacillus cereus in food samples. This medium utilizes two reactions namely mannitol fermentation and lecithinase production to differentiate Bacillus cereus from other related species. As B. cereus is mannitol negative the colonies are pink in colour due to the presence of the phenol red pH indicator. Lecithinase production (from the addition of egg yolk) is indicated by a white precipitate around the colonies. This medium meets the requirements of ISO 7932:2004. Beef extract and peptone provide the required carbon, nitrogen and vitamins. Sodium chloride helps maintain the osmotic balance and phenol red is the pH indicator. Mannitol is a fermentable carbohydrate. The medium is made selective by the inclusion of polymyxin B sulphate (LS0020). NB: This is a basic medium only and contains no additional supplement. It should be noted that some Proteus spp. and Gram-positive cocci may grow on this medium. Related Supplements : LS0020 Bacillus cereus Selective Supplement, BM0140 Egg Yolk Emulsion
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  • Bacteriological agar is extracted from several species of red algae, Gelidium spp. Bacteriological agar is a solidifying agent used in the preparation of microbiological culture media.This agar is suitable for all bacteriological purposes and has a low concentration of metal ions.A firm gel is obtained at working concentrations of 1.0 to 1.5%.  
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  • Nutrient Broth No.2 is used for the cultivation of fastidious pathogens and other microorganisms. This general use medium, rich in nutrients, allows the growth of bacteria when there is a low level of cells. The medium is particularly suitable as a secondary growth medium for staphylococci to be tested for coagulase production and also be used for sterility testing of aerobic organisms. Beef extract and peptone provide the required carbon, nitrogen and vitamins. Sodium chloride maintains osmotic balance.  
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  • Selenite cystine broth is a modification of selenite F broth and is for the selective enrichment of Salmonellae spp. from clinical, food and environmental specimens. The peptone acts as a nitrogen, carbon and vitamin source. Lactose is a fermentable carbohydrate and sodium phosphate is a buffer. L-cystine is used to enhance the recovery of Salmonellae spp. in low numbers. The medium is made selective by the addition of sodium biselenite (KM8021). Following overnight incubation subculture(s) are usually made on to one or more of the many selective enteric solid media.  
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  • Bile Aesculin Medium is generally used for the differentiation and presumptive identification of Group D streptococci (enterococci). Enterococci hydrolyse aesculin forming, amongst other products, aesculetin which in turn combines with Ferric ammonium citrate producing a dark brown or black complex. The presence of Bile salts in the medium inhibits gram positive organisms other than enterococci. The medium can also be used for the presumptive identification of certain organisms within the Enterobacteriaceae group such as Klebsiella spp., Enterobacter spp., etc.
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