• CLED SI Agar Cystine Lactose Electrolyte Deficient Single Indicator (CLED SI) Agar is based on Mackey and Sandy’s formulation and is popular for culturing urine specimens in the clinical laboratory. The reduced number of electrolyte level prevents swarming of Proteus spp. The peptone and beef extract is the source of the required nitrogen, carbon and vitamins. Lactose is a carbohydrate. The inclusion of bromothymol blue as a pH indicator allows easy differentiation of lactose and non-lactose fermenting organisms. L-Cystine is also present to benefit those organisms that have a particular cystine requirement.  
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  • Violet Red Bile Agar is a medium for the enumeration of coliform organisms in food and dairy products and conforms to American Public Health Association (APHA). Yeast extract and enzymatic digest of gelatin provides the required carbon, nitrogen and vitamins. Sodium chloride maintains the osmotic balance. The medium is made selective by the inclusion of bile salts and crystal violet to inhibit Gram-positive and non-enteric organisms. Lactose is a fermentable carbohydrate and neutral red is a pH indicator. Lactose fermenters produce red/purple colonies often surrounded by a halo of the same colour. Non lactose fermenters produce pale colonies. Selectivity can be increased by incubation at 42-44ºC.  
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  • Sheep Blood Agar Base has been developed to provide a nutrient rich medium compatible with sheep blood for the cultivation of many bacteria, especially fastidious Streptococcus spp., without affecting haemolytic reactions. Alternative culture mediums, such as Blood agar base No. 2, can results in mixed haemolytic reactions for some Streptococcus spp. This is thought to occur due to the trace amounts of fermentable carbohydrates in yeast extract and the physiological difference between sheep and horse blood. The tryptone, peptone, and yeast extract provide the required nitrogen, carbon and vitamins in the medium. Sodium chloride maintains the osmotic balance. Related Supplements : LS0008 Staph/Strep Selective Supplement
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  • This medium is intended primarily for use in sterility testing of biological fluids that are turbid or viscous and is recommended in the United States Pharmacopoeia. It can be used for the cultivation of both aerobic and anaerobic organisms. The yeast extract, tryptone and glucose act as carbon, nitrogen and vitamin sources in this medium. The inclusion of sodium thioglycollate and L-cystine ensure anaerobiosis even for many of the more fastidious anaerobes and they also inactivate mercury and many other heavy metallic compounds. Resazurin is an oxidation-reduction indicator which turns pink when oxidised and is colourless when reduced. Sodium chloride maintains osmotic balance. Agar reduces oxygen diffusion into the medium. NB - For best results it is recommended that the medium be heated in a boiling water bath, with the cap loosened, and then allowed to cool, with the cap tightened, immediately before use. The cap must be replaced on the container immediately after inoculation.
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  • Tryptone Soya Agar (TSA) is a general-purpose, non-selective medium capable of supporting the growth of most micro-organisms. This medium meets the requirements of the Harmonised USP/EP/JP and is based on the original formulation described by Leavitt et al. in 1955. TSA is commonly referred to as Soybean-Casein Digest Agar. TSA supplemented with lecithin and Tween 80® is widely used in environmental monitoring. With further enrichment using 5-10% sheep or horse blood, most fastidious organisms can be isolated and their haemolytic reactions can be determined in order to aid identification. It should be noted that the haemolytic patterns of isolates may vary with the source of animal blood and the type of basal medium used. The tryptone and soy peptone are the source of the required nitrogen, carbon and vitamins. Sodium chloride maintains the osmotic balance in the medium. Related Supplements : Defibrinated Sheep Blood, Defibrinated Horse Blood
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  • Brain heart infusion broth is very nutritious isotonic medium with a low concentration of glucose to stimulate early growth. The formulation is a modification of that from Rosenow and Hayden. Brain heart infusion broth is suitable for the isolation of most micro-organisms including many fastidious organisms and, with the appropriate enrichment, is suitable as a base for blood culture medium. The nitrogen, vitamin and carbon sources are supplied by the Brain-Heart infusion solids and peptone. Glucose serves as the carbohydrate source and sodium chloride aids in maintaining the osmotic balance. A phosphate buffer, disodium hydrogen phosphate, is incorporated to help neutralize any acids produced as a result of glucose utilization and thus maintain viability of the organisms. NB: Organisms that produce large amounts of acid in the medium may overwhelm the buffering system and as a result may ‘auto-sterilize’ the culture.  
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  • Selenite mannitol broth is a modification of selenite broth and is for the selective enrichment of Salmonellae spp. from clinical, food and environmental specimens. Comparisons have shown that mannitol selenite broth is better than other enrichment broths for the isolation of Salmonellae spp. The peptone acts as a nitrogen, carbon and vitamin source. Mannitol is a fermentable carbohydrate and sodium phosphate is a buffer. The medium is made selective by the addition of sodium biselenite (KM8021). The fermentation of mannitol by Salmonellae spp. is said to correct the alkaline pH swing which can occur during incubation. Following overnight incubation subculture(s) are usually made on to one or more of the many selective enteric solid media.
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  • This is one of several selective media available for the isolation of Campylobacter spp. in clinical, food and environmental laboratories. Campylobacter agar base is based on the formulation from Bolton and Robertson. The peptone is the source of the required nitrogen, carbon and vitamins. Sodium chloride maintains the osmotic balance in the medium. The medium is enriched with lysed horse blood and made selective by the addition of cefoperazone, to suppress other enteric organisms, and amphotericin to suppress yeast and fungal growth (Preston supplement LS0010). Related Supplements : LS0009 Campylobacter (Skirrow) Selective Supplement, LS0010 Campylobacter (Preston) Selective Supplement, Lysed Blood
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