This medium can be used as a screening method for the differentiation of Enterobacteriaceae based on the ability of some species to utilise citrate as a sole source of carbon. It is often used as a screening test for Klebsiella pneumoniae (Positive reaction) while Escherichia coli is negative. Other uses included distinguishing between species of citrate positive Salmonellae (e.g. Salmonella enteritidis) and those that are negative (e.g. Salmonella typhi and Salmonella paratyphi A). The medium is inoculated by stabbing the organism (in pure culture) into the medium. A positive result produces a change of colour from green to bright blue and a negative reaction leaves the colour unchanged.
BM0280 – Simmons Citrate Agar (Slope)
|Shelf Life (days)|
|Storage Temp (°C)|
|Klebsiella pneumoniae||NCTC 9633||Medium turns blue|
|Escherichia coli||NCTC 12241||No Change|