6.8 ± 0.2

//6.8 ± 0.2
  • Eosin Methylene Blue agar (EMB) is a selective medium primarily for the isolation of coliforms from clinical, food and environmental samples. This is the modified formulation of EMB proposed by Levine with a higher concentration of lactose and the sucrose omitted. The peptone provides the required carbon, nitrogen and vitamins. Lactose is a fermentable carbohydrate and di-potassium phosphate is a buffer. Eosin Y and methylene blue are indicators. Methylene blue is also a selective agent. During strong acidic conditions, the dyes impart a metallic sheen to certain lactose fermenters, such as Escherichia coli.  
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  • Chromogenic coliform agar (CCA) conforms to the ISO 9308-1 guidelines for the detection, enumeration and isolation of coliforms and more specifically Escherichia coli in water samples by the membrane-filtration technique. The colonial differentiation is provided by the chromogenic substrates, Salmon-GAL and X-glucuronide. Salmon-GAL is used for the detection of ß-D-galactosidase enzymatic activity. X-glucuronide is used for the detection of ß-D-glucoronidase enzymatic activity. β-D-galactosidase, expressed by all coliforms, cleaves the Salmon-GAL substrate and producing red/pink coloured colonies. Unlike other coliforms, Escherichia coli cleaves both Salmon-GAL and X-glucuronide producing a violet/blue coloured colonies. Tryptophan is used to increase detection reliability by improving the indole reaction. The peptones, sodium pyruvate and sorbitol support bacterial growth and simple recovery of sub-lethal thermally injured coliforms. Sodium di-hydrogen phosphate and di-sodium hydrogen phosphate phosphate buffer the medium and sodium chloride is used to achieve osmotic balance. The selectivity is attained by the addition of Tergitol® 7 as it inhibits the growth of Gram-positive bacteria.
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  • A modification of Christensen’s medium by Maslen this medium is generally used to detect rapid urease activity of Proteus spp. It can also be used to detect urease activity of other enterobacteriaceae including urease producing Salmonella spp. and Shigella spp. When used for the latter purpose it is necessary to increase the incubation time to as long as 48 hours. The peptone provides the required nitrogen, carbon and vitamins. Glucose is a fermentable carbohydrate. The potassium dihydrogen phosphate is a buffer and sodium chloride maintains osmotic balance. Phenol red is a pH indicator. Related Supplements : BM3000 Urea 40% Solution
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  • A modification of Christensen’s medium by Maslen this medium is generally used to detect rapid urease activity of Proteus spp. although it can be used to detect urease activity of other enterobacteriaceae including urease producing Salmonella spp. and Shigella spp. Unlike Christensen’s medium when used for the later purpose it is not necessary to increase the incubation time. The peptone provides the required nitrogen, carbon and vitamins. Glucose is a fermentable carbohydrate. The disodium phosphate and potassium dihydrogen phosphate are buffers and sodium chloride maintains osmotic balance. Phenol red is a pH indicator. Related Supplements : BM3000 Urea 40% Solution
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