Colorex MRSA / Colorex VRE

Colorex MRSA / Colorex VRE

Side One: Colorex™ MRSA
Colorex™ MRSA is a chromogenic medium for the selective isolation of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). The medium can be used for the routine screening of clinical specimens for MRSA from a variety of sampling sites such as the nose, throat and groin.
The medium incorporates a nutritious peptone base medium and a number of selective agents to inhibit most Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria as well as yeasts and moulds. The chromogenic detection of specific enzyme activity leads to the formation of pink/mauve colonies indicating MRSA (including low level resistant and hetero-resistant strains) following incubation at 37°C for 18-24 hours. Other organisms, if present are indicated by blue or colourless colonies.
Any presumptive isolates must be confirmed using serological and/or biochemical techniques available to the laboratory. The use of this chromogenic medium does not diminish the requirement for conventional antimicrobial susceptibility tests for the confirmation of methicillin resistance.
S.aureus strains that possess a low MIC to the selective agent present in the medium but are mec A negative may form colonies on the medium.
Some MRSA strains may form typical colonies surrounded by a matte halo. The formation of the halo serves no diagnostic function.
1. Certain methicillin-resistant coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS) may produce characteristic colonies. In some cases differentiation may be achieved by examination of the colour of these colonies, as they may be considerably darker in colour (bluish purple to a very dark pink/magenta)
Certain bacterial species other than staphylococci may produce colonies with a characteristic colour
Side Two: Colorex™ VRE

Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus/ (VRE) infections are especially aggressive and have been associated with mortality rates approaching 60% to 70%. They are now the second-leading cause of nosocomial infections in the U.S., and their prevalence is increasing worldwide. Resistance to vancomycin has the potential to be transferred from bacteria to bacteria. Cross-resistance is mediated by plasmids and transposons, which may transfer the genes associated with resistance to other much more aggressive pathogens, such as staphylococci and streptococci. Three principal types of vancomycin resistance are found in Enterococcus spp.; VanA, VanB and VanC genotypes. VanA and VanB types account for most significant infections in clinical settings, involving E.faecium and E.faecalis. VanC resistance is a low-level intrinsic resistance found in other Enterococcus spp.
The Colorex™ VRE media is another chromogenic media in the Colorex™ range, enabling presumptive identification of vancomycin resistant Enterococci by the formation of mauve/pink coloured colonies (for VanA and VanB genotypes) and blue coloured colonies (for VanC genotypes) after 18-24 hours incubation.

Additional Information


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Product Description

Colorex™ MRSA

Organisms Ref. No Result
Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) NCTC 10442 Mauve colonies
Enterococcus faecalis NCTC 12697 Metallic blue colonies
Staphylococcus aureus NCTC 12981 Inhibited


Colorex™ VRE

Organisms Ref. No Result
Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) NCTC 10442 Inhibited
Vancomycin Resistant Enterococcus (VRE) NCTC 12201 Pink colonies
Enterococcus faecalis NCTC 12697 Inhibited
Staphylococcus aureus NCTC 12981 Inhibited


Recommended Incubation: Aerobically at 37°C ± 1ºC for 18 – 24 hours