This medium was first introduced by MacConkey in 1905 for the isolation and differentiation of lactose and non-lactose fermenting enteric bacteria containing swarming strains of Proteus spp. MacConkey agar without salt and crystal violet is a differential medium that restricts swarming of Proteus spp. as sodium chloride is omitted from the medium to provide an electrolyte deficient medium. The omission of crystal violet permits the growth of Staphylococcus spp. and Enterococcus spp. The peptone is the nitrogen, carbon and vitamin source in this medium. Lactose is the fermentable carbohydrate. Lactose fermentation causes a local pH drop around the colonies which will react with the pH indicator, neutral red, and hence aids in differentiation. Bile salts act as the selective agent.
Related Supplements :
LS0189 Cefotaxime Supplement (1mg/L)