Brain heart infusion broth is very nutritious isotonic medium with a low concentration of glucose to stimulate early growth.
The formulation is a modification of that from Rosenow and Hayden. Brain heart infusion broth is suitable for the isolation of most micro-organisms including many fastidious organisms and, with the appropriate enrichment, is suitable as a base for blood culture medium.
The nitrogen, vitamin and carbon sources are supplied by the Brain-Heart infusion solids and peptone. Glucose serves as the carbohydrate source and sodium chloride aids in maintaining the osmotic balance. A phosphate buffer, disodium hydrogen phosphate, is incorporated to help neutralize any acids produced as a result of glucose utilization and thus maintain viability of the organisms.
NB: Organisms that produce large amounts of acid in the medium may overwhelm the buffering system and as a result may auto-sterilize the culture.