Dehydrated Culture Media

Dehydrated Culture Media products are formulated to supply the required nutrients to allow for the growth of microorganisms. Used in combination with a variety of selective agents and incubation conditions a wide range of specific organisms can be isolated. With careful raw material selection of the various media components E&O can ensure a consistent level of quality and performance. For each formulation the necessary ingredients are accurately weighed, combined and blended together to produce a homogenous powdered product.

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  • Brilliant green agar is for the selective isolation of Salmonella spp., other than S. typhi. Brilliant green agar was first cited by Kristensen et al. in 1925 but was subsequently modified by the Netherlands Institute for Public Health. Brilliant green agar is generally used in conjunction with XLD agar (KM0013) as a secondary plating medium for subculture from selective enrichment media in food and environmental testing. It should be noted that the medium is highly selective and therefore not suited to the isolation of Salmonella spp. from samples where the numbers may be low. Beef extract, peptone and yeast extract provide the required carbon, nitrogen and vitamins. Di-sodium hydrogen phosphate and sodium di-hydrogen phosphate are buffering agents. Lactose and sucrose are fermentable carbohydrates. Phenol red is a pH indicator and turns the medium yellow during lactose and/or sucrose fermentation. Brilliant green inhibits Gram-positive bacteria and Gram-negative bacilli other than Salmonella spp. NB: It is not recommended that this medium be used for the isolation of Salmonella typhi or Shigella spp. Related Supplements : LS0024 Novobiocin Supplement (20mgs/L)
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  • A general-purpose medium for the cultivation of organisms that are less fastidious in their nutritional requirements. The beef extract, peptone and yeast extract act as carbon, nitrogen and vitamin sources in this medium. Sodium chloride maintains osmotic balance.  
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  • Sabouraud liquid medium USP is used in sterility testing for the detection of moulds, yeasts and acidophilic microorganisms in pharmaceutical products. This medium is also used for non-sterile testing and for the determination of fungistatic activity. Sabouraud liquid medium USP conforms to the USP and Harmonised Pharmacopeia. The peptic digest of animal tissue and pancreatic digest of casein provides the required nitrogen, carbon and vitamins. The high concentration of dextrose is included as an energy source and in tandem with the acidic pH (5.6) facilitates the growth of fungi whilst providing limited selective properties.
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  • Lowenstein-Jensen medium is based on the original formulation of Lowenstein that was subsequently modified by Jensen. It is used with fresh egg and glycerol for the isolation and presumptive identification of Mycobacterium spp., particularly Mycobacterium tuberculosis, from clinical samples. L-Asparagine and Potato starch are sources of nitrogen and vitamins in the medium. Potassium hydrogen phosphate and magnesium sulphate enhance organism growth and act as buffers. Sodium citrate and malachite green are selective agents that have inhibitory effects on organisms other than the mycobacteria. Malachite green is also incorporated into the medium to provide a colour contrast between the colonies and the medium. The required addition of egg emulsion provides the fatty acids and protein required for the metabolism of mycobacteria. Glycerol is also added which is said to enhance the growth of Mycobacterium tuberculosis however other strains of mycobacteria, particularly Mycobacterium bovis, may be inhibited by its presence. Subsequently, sodium pyruvate (12.5 g/600ml) may be used as an alternative to glycerol to encourage the growth of Mycobacterium bovis.  
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  • Bacillus cereus agar (PEMBA) is used for the selective isolation and enumeration of Bacillus cereus in food samples. It is said to be particularly suitable for the detection of small numbers of Bacilluscereus particularly in the presence of other contaminating organisms. Bacillus cereus agar (PEMBA) is based on the formulation developed by Holbrook and Anderson. The peptone provides the required carbon, nitrogen and vitamins. Mannitol is a fermentable carbohydrate. Bromothymol blue is a pH indicator used to detect mannitol fermentation. Sodium chloride maintains the osmotic balance. Magnesium sulphate provides divalent cations and sulphate. Di-sodium hydrogen phosphate and potassium dihydrogen phosphate are buffering agents. Egg yolk emulsion (BM0140) must be added to this media to assess lecithinase production. Sodium pyruvate is present to improve egg yolk precipitation and enhance B. cereus sporulation. The medium is made selective by the inclusion of polymyxin B sulphate (LS1051).
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  • This medium can be used as a screening method for the differentiation of enterobacteriaceae based on the ability of some species to utilise citrate as a sole source of carbon. It is often used as a screening test for Klebsiella pneumoniae (positive reaction) while Escherichia coli is negative. Species that metabolize citrate as their sole source of carbon and ammonium as the sole source of nitrogen cause an increase in alkalinity of the medium resulting in a colour change from green to blue due to the presence of the pH indicator bromthymole blue.
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  • Legionella agar was designed for the isolation of Legionella spp. and is used primarily in water and environmental laboratories. Since Legionella spp. are fastidious organisms, the medium contains yeast extract as a source of nitrogen, carbon and vitamins. Charcoal is also included to neutralise growth-inhibiting substances and agar is the solidifying agent. The medium requires supplementation with ferric pyrophosphate as a source of iron, L-cysteine, an essential amino acid for the growth of Legionella spp. and α-ketoglutaric acid, which acts as a growth stimulant. ACES buffer/potassium hydroxide is also added to maintain the optimal pH of 6.9 for growth of Legionella spp. Omission of the L-cysteine produces a confirmation medium that can be used to test presumptive Legionella spp. as isolates will not be able to grow. Selective versions of the medium can also be created by the addition of various selective agents. GVPC is the most popular for water testing and BMPA for clinical testing. Related Supplements : LS7044 Legionella BCYE Supplement, LS7045 BCYE without Cysteine
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  • This medium is used for the cultivation and enumeration of Lactobacillus spp. MRS agar is based on the formulation by de Man, Rogosa and Sharpe. The peptone, yeast extract and beef extract provides the reuired carbon, nitrogen and vitamin source. Glucose is a fermentable carbohydrate. The magnesium sulphate and manganese sulphate act as growth stimulants. Potassium phosphate is a buffering agent. Selectivity of the medium is achieved through the use of ammonium citrate and sodium acetate, inhibiting microorganisms such as streptococci and moulds. The addition of the surfactant Tween 80 is required to facilitate the uptake of nutrients from Lactobacillus spp.  
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